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Owing to the large number of persons attending the funeral, the public were excluded from the burial ground during the service. This was a considerable sum in His build was heavy, his fingers thick and stub-ended. She died on the 9th May aged She went into regular service in The legal proceedings dragged on for another two years until the 28th May , when William Courtney, one of the masters of the court, was charged with appointing three proper persons to be the new trustees.
Tuesday 25th September 2018
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Sun Sibaya Casino Mr 76 Handicap. Kuda Sprint 2 Year Olds. Sun Met Celebrated With G. Heineken Cape Stayers Grade 2. Cell C Mr 80 Handicap. Mumm Bolt Mr 86 Handicap. Race 1 - Claiming. Race 2 - Maiden Claiming. Race 3 - Stakes. Race 4 - Maiden Claiming. Race 5 - Claiming. Race 6 - Starter Allowance. Race 7 - Maiden Special Weight. No provision was made in Ingham's Will for Ben Jr. It is said that Joseph Whitaker's eldest son Benny was overruled as heir because of a talk he and Willie had been having with their great-uncle a few years previously.
They had been discussing a journey, which the two boys had made. Benny had reached the destination first because he had paid to go over a toll bridge. Willie had preferred to walk the extra three miles to avoid paying the bridge toll. Such shrewdness on the part of Willie made an immediate appeal to Ingham's parsimonious nature, and he promptly altered his Will in favour of Willie Whitaker. Paradoxically, it was Benny who had a reputation in later life for being mean.
Actually, like all the younger Whitakers, Willie turned out to have little head for business and he left Palermo in and settled at Pylewell Park in Hampshire. Perhaps Ingham, sensing this before he died, had decided to leave his money to someone of his own name who had already proved himself a success in life?
The Nephews who went to Sicily "Your son has died, please send me another one" - this is allegedly a quote from one of Benjamin Ingham's letters to his sister Mary Whitaker after the death of her eldest son, William who had moved to Sicily from Yorkshire to work for his uncle Benjamin.
However, this is more likely to be Whitaker family legend and not true, but it conveys a sense of the ruthlessness that Ingham exuded in his business dealings. In fact, when William Whitaker died mysteriously of fever in , Ingham was terribly upset and deeply moved by the loss of his nephew.
Shortly after arriving in Palermo, where he was very much on approval, he was sent to Naples on the delicate task of investigating the rumours that two firms that Ingham was doing business with; Leydings and Vallin were in financial difficulties.
During September and October , whilst Whitaker was in Naples, he was bombarded by complicated letters full of instructions and even shopping lists from his Uncle Benjamin. He was expected back in Palermo by the end of October at the very latest, but William Whitaker had disappeared completely off the horizon or was simply stringing his uncle along to delay coming back.
There were no replies to Ingham's letters and by November, he was furious and sent this letter to his nephew:. I have been looking out for you on every vessel from Naples, the more so as you were acquainted with the accident I met with by the fall on my horse, and were besides aware that your presence was absolutely necessary here.
Imagine, therefore of my surprise and disappointment at your not coming all through this week. There have been three eligible English vessels arriving from Naples. I am frantic in consequence.
Really William, such conduct can neither conciliate my affection as a relative nor inspire me with regard to your attention to business. You ought to recollect that you are in the commencement of life and must do something to put yourself forward, for if you show no exertion, you cannot expect that my brother Joseph in Leeds will ever consent to giving you an interest in our business.
Although so much displeased with your inattention, and although my mind labours under the severest agony in consequence, I subscribe myself as usual.
December came and then finally some news from the missing William Whitaker in Naples. Leydings, by all accounts, had been giving him "trouble and vexation" so he had made the decision to ask his uncle to fire them. He told his uncle in a letter that he hadn't wanted to trouble him or cause any undue worry during the difficult dealings with Leydings.
Of course, this is what Ingham would have wanted and he soon forgave William for his lack of communication. Uncle Benjamin was never to know that the actual reason for William Whitaker's delay in returning to Palermo confided later to a younger brother was that he had fallen for the seductive charms of a married, black-eyed and raven-haired Neapolitan baronessa called Clotilde who had been keeping him warm during the chilly autumn nights in Naples.
During and , Whitaker had done well at the office in Palermo and was quite highly regarded by his uncle. The letter he had written threatening William with dismissal was forgotten and the two men were getting on well and advancing the family business.
Sadly, towards the end of , William Whitaker contracted a mystery disease that the doctors couldn't diagnose. He suffered recurring bouts of very high fever and after making a temporary recovery, he died in Palermo on the 21st November Ingham was bereft with grief at the loss of his nephew and he wrote to several of his business contacts explaining how badly he felt about William's premature death. Soon, another Whitaker from the same family was to follow in the steps of William and this was his younger brother Joseph Whitaker of Palermo who, in due course, was to inherit his uncle's business empire.
Joseph Whitaker - Joseph Whitaker was baptised in the church at Woodkirk, just north of Ossett on the 17th September , and like his elder brother William, he was the son of Joseph Whitaker and Mary Ingham, Benjamin Ingham's older sister. Joseph went out to Sicily from Woodkirk in , at the tender age of 17, shortly after his brother William's death in He was to become the most successful and most valuable of Ingham's five nephews employed in the family concern in Sicily.
Joseph stayed in Palermo all of his working life and ran the office there with metronome efficiency. It was noted that he left for the office in his carriage on every day but Sunday at 7: Benjamin Ingham was able to announce to his customers and clients that he had retired from the active management of "all commercial affairs", and that his nephew Joseph Whitaker would be running the business from then on.
In reality, Benjamin Ingham's "retirement" was in name only, and like all very successful tycoons, he mastered the art of delegating work. In Joseph Whitaker, he had found a lieutenant only too prepared to beaver away at the very smallest details of the very varied business. Sophie's family came from Durham and her father was a naval captain with an exemplary war record. The Sanderson family had moved to Messina to live, it is thought for commercial reasons and partly because of the beautiful setting of the port, with the fine view of the Italian mainland three miles away across the straits.
Joseph and Sophie had twelve children, which she bore over a period of 23 years and on average, one every twenty-one months. Sophie was a quiet, acquiescent woman who was probably slightly afraid of Whitaker. He normally stayed late at the office, which was next to the Plazzo Lampedusa, but expected his dinner to be ready the moment he returned home, and he preferred eating in total silence.
Joseph Whitaker in , aged 39 years. Whitaker was the most successful of Ingham's nephews and was thought to be "of the right stuff" by his uncle Benjamin. It was said that Joseph Whitaker was so dour, with rather hooded eyes and a sardonic mouth, such that even his mighty uncle Benjamin was afraid of him! Somehow, I doubt that was true. Joseph Ingham - Joseph Ingham, the son of Benjamin Ingham's older brother also Joseph, came out to Sicily in at the age of 20 after his uncle Benjamin had returned home to Ossett and asked him to join the "concern".
Joseph was a rather gloomy individual and regarded eventually as a bit weak. After first working at the 'baglio' in Marsala, where he was too ugly to be of interest to "Old John" Woodhouse, he was sent eventually to Boston in the USA to develop trade there.
Poor Joseph was kept hard at work by his uncle Benjamin and was often the subject of severe criticism for making bad business decisions. In , Ingham sent this letter to his nephew, which demonstrates the pressure he was under:. I beg you to be open and candid, and not expose yourself any remark which will injure your character and standing, for in a country like America such things have great and serious consequences.
The 'Nestor' arrived here on the 31st May. It is a great pity that you asked for the staves and cloths to be sent to Marsala and not to Messina. As regards the staves, I have examined them and have found them fair, but nothing equal to the lot you sent on board the 'Pembroke' and many are knotty and not fit for casks.
When we consider the high freight and duties equal almost to the first cost in Boston you will be aware that it is folly to ship to this country any other staves except those that are the very best dressed.
The fact that you chose to send them in an American brig means that the seven bales of cloth will not enjoy the ten per cent reduction on duties allowed for British and other flags. You acted very wrongly in letting the wine on board the 'Pembroke' go in Boston at the miserable price of 80 cents a barrel and also in selling exclusively to the house of Munsen and Barnard. Now all the other buyers will be displeased. Over the next few years, Benjamin Ingham saw to it that Joseph was kept very busy.
With the market growing so quickly, he just couldn't afford to let him relax. Whilst in America, it is known that Joseph Ingham had some kind of 'deplorable accident' but the exact details are not known. A year later, he committed suicide in the City Hotel, New York on the 8th October by shooting himself.
At his inquest, it was thought that he had been suffering from depression. He was sent to the USA in after his elder brother Joseph committed suicide and remained there for nearly two years, acting as a sort of roving business ambassador for his uncle. He was very successful in business matters in America, unlike his poor brother Joseph. After his work in America, Ben became the manager at Marsala 'baglio' from the 30th June He went back to America and was there in and Ben was a genial looking person and was sturdily built.
He was described as having a "mild and conciliatory disposition". Later in life, he became slightly bald and sported a flap of hair over the top of his head. It was thought that he would never get married, but at the age of 46 on the 29th March , at the British Legation in Naples, he married 23 year-old Emily Bennett Hinton. Her stepfather was Mr Wood, the owner of the third largest British 'baglio' in Marsala and the family lived in the Palazzo Derix in Palermo.
Later 'Baglio Wood' was absorbed by the Ingham, Whitaker firm, probably because of this marriage. A couple of years earlier, Ben took over the Saint Oliva villa in Marsala and from , he was the acting British Vice-Consul in Marsala, protecting the interests of the British wine merchants who were based there.
Sadly, there were no children from his marriage to Emily Hinton and after his uncle's death in , Ben was left the Palazzo Ingham in Palermo as well as a life interest in half of his uncle Benjamin's estate. After Ben's death in , his widow Emily re-married General Medici and sold Palazzo Ingham to the Ragusas who transformed it in into the Hotel des Palmes, which is still in business today. This may have been a legacy from his uncle Benjamin, since Ben was born in Hunslet rather than Ossett.
In the event, the donation helped with the construction of Holy Trinity Church in Ossett, which was completed in In , he and Joseph Whitaker announced their intention of erecting, at their joint expense, a church in which "Services of the Church of England could be performed for the spiritual benefit of their protestant countrymen, whether resident or visiting Palermo".
Ben Ingham donated the land in front of Palazzo Ingham to be used as the site for the new church. However, he died suddenly in Paris in , before the work on the church started, but his widow Emily Ingham continued the good work and later, in , the foundations were laid and building commenced. All the expenses of the building of the Anglican Church in via Roma were paid for by the Ingham and Whitaker families.
The chief architect was William Barber of London. Opening just after Ben Ingham's death in , the church was incorporated into the Diocese of Gibraltar in Its Neo-Gothic grandeur, with pointed arches, stained glass, a rose window, creates a stunning effect. On the 4th October , Ben was having lunch in the Hotel Maurice in Paris when he suddenly choked on his food and by 2pm, he was dead. The eventual beneficiaries were the children of his sister Ann Brook, but naturally his wife Emily came in for the greater share including the Palazzo Ingham.
Emily since the death of her stepfather was also now the owner of 'Baglio Wood' in Marsala and Palazzo Derix in Palermo. Joshua was born on the 2nd December at Hunslet in Leeds, where the Ingham brothers had moved from Ossett to set up the family business. He was the last of the nephews to join the "concern" and was in Sicily by Joshua was to replace his gloomy brother Joseph Ingham who had been sent to live in Boston as trade there was developing rapidly.
Joshua spent almost all his time in Sicily at Marsala, where he successfully ran the winery. His uncle Benjamin was deeply upset by the loss of his "dear and ever to be lamented nephew ", but Joshua's parents back in Ossett must have been even more upset after losing two of their sons in the employment of Benjamin Ingham.
To make matters worse, Joshua Ingham died intestate. This caused complications since two of the "Concern's" wineries at Campobello and Mazara were in his name, and according to Sicilian law, the estate had to be divided equally between brothers, sisters and parents. How Benjamin Ingham managed to get around this not insignificant problem is not recorded. Renowned English author Stan Barstow was born in Horbury, but lived for the majority of his life in Ossett from where his wife Connie originated.
Both Barstow and his wife were pupils at Ossett Grammar School and their two children Neil and Gillian also attended the same school, by then a Comprehensive. Barstow died on the 1st August , aged Connie Barstow died on the 9th May , aged He was an only child after the death, in infancy, of an older sibling Kenneth in late After their marriage, Wilfred and Elsie Barstow settled down in a small terraced house in Shepstye Road, Horbury and Wilfred walked to his work at Crigglestone Pit each day.
After work, Wilfred Barstow played the cornet with some considerable aplomb for a number of well-known local Brass Bands, including a jubilant period with the Gawthorpe Victoria Prize Band after WW2 when they won many competitions.
With only 44 other boys and girls from the 20, or so pupil catchment area, he walked up the long tree-lined drive to the school for the first time in September and the tender mercies of headmaster Dr. There were no half measures, you passed or failed and pass marks were obligatory in certain subjects such as Maths, English and German. Stan Barstow said he left Ossett Grammar School because he had nothing to offer the school and the school had nothing to offer him. Ossett Grammar School, Class 2B in Stan Barstow is on the back row, second from the right.
The two teachers in the picture are left J. Carrington, Form Master taught English and right, Dr. Photo courtesy of Tom Linnington. Charles Roberts and Co. During WW1 and WW2, the works were used for the manufacture of armaments like naval shells and trench mortars.
During WW2, Churchill tanks were built by the company and in the s, they were one of the largest employers in the district, but were notorious for paying low wages.
Stan was required to study mechanical engineering, three nights a week, at the Technical College in Wakefield. The management of Charles Roberts and Co. Barstow reckoned they hankered after the depression days of the s when men queued up outside the gates of the works for any jobs that could be had.
It was whilst Barstow was working at Charles Roberts and Co. Connie Kershaw had gone to Ossett Grammar School at the same time as him and they were aware of each other in a platonic sense.
Stan Barstow was somewhat impressed with this very sassy and attractive young lady. Her father Arnold Kershaw had been the manager of the butchery department at Ossett Co-op, but had died when Connie was only eight years old. In September , the couple were married at Ossett Parish Church and after a honeymoon in the Lake District, they settled down to live in Ossett. Thanks to Alderman Gladstone Moorhouse, the couple were able to rent a stone-fronted, two-up, two-down terraced house in Ossett, when rented houses were in short supply.
People rarely bought houses in those days and as a result, rented property was scarce. The house needed a lot of renovation work and the newly-weds spent a lot of their spare time making the place habitable and having electricity installed when many Ossett houses were still lit by gas.
He decided to give it a try, so a Remington typewriter was purchased and a card table in a spare bedroom served as his office. The creative spark that would serve Stan Barstow so well in the future was igniting, but there were setbacks in those early years. His first efforts brought nothing but refusals and frustration.
The real breakthrough came when the couple were on holiday and he bought a book of pre-war short stories by the author H. Barstow was immediately struck by the economic yet stylish prose of Bates and the vivid pictures he painted with a minimum of words.
Bates was an example to follow and what Bates had done in his writing about country people, Barstow felt he could write about the working class folk he had known all his life.
Edward Garnett, one of the greatest literary editors had once suggested to H. Nobody said it would be easy. By , Barstow was enjoying his first taste of writing success with a couple of his short stories being accepted for broadcast on BBC radio. The couple spent the inheritance wisely on a house they had admired for some time. He sold a third short story to BBC radio, but had no luck with published works for the popular magazines of the time.
In , a crime thriller novel was written, but was rejected by the publishing houses. The typescript of the unpublished novel was stored away and would prove very valuable at a later date. Meanwhile, Barstow worked on his writing technique and studied the works of writers such as Smollett, Defoe and Fielding.
He attended an evening class on English Literature at Leeds University as well as a residential summer school for aspiring writers at Worcester College, Oxford. He was paid just six guineas, which was the flat-rate fee, compared to the fifteen guineas he was being paid by the BBC for his other short stories.
Barstow felt he was now on the way and he was delighted about his work at last being in print. The cheque was never cashed and he had it framed instead. However, further success was still two years away. Three generations of the Barstow family, L to R: He looked at towns like Wakefield, Bradford and Huddersfield, but eventually decided that Cressley would be based on a smaller version of Dewsbury. Like Barstow, Vic works in the drawing office of an engineering company and his father is a coal miner.
By drawing on his real-life experiences, Barstow brilliantly conveys the s Northern working class lifestyle. Within two weeks of submitting his manuscript for the new novel, his agent responded to say that he would like to try it with one or two publishers. It was a very good Christmas for the Barstow family that year. He was to get to know these two men well in the following years.
The book was widely reviewed and received many accolades. TV appearances followed for Barstow and he became a minor celebrity in his home town of Ossett. In retrospect, it was a good decision by Janni to do so and filming began in November Sadly, all the scenes in the film were shot in Lancashire. The film was considered quite racy for the time with its candid sexual content and was given an X-certificate.
In the event, Green Belt planning constraints prevented their house building project from going ahead. By the start of and with finances much improved, it was clear that the couple needed a bigger house with space for a study and separate bedrooms for the two children.
However, by July it was time to make writing a full-time occupation and so Stan Barstow was to quit his secure job in Ossett, taking the massive gamble that he could properly support his wife and two young children.
He need not have worried because he would enjoy great success in the years to come. Both felt a sense of betrayal from their local newspaper and from the editor whom they both knew personally. Barstow stuck with his family and returned home to Ossett. He was to appear on the same programme some 22 years later when it was hosted by Michael Parkinson with much the same selection of music.
By now Barstow really had burst on to the British literary scene big time. They all wrote about Northern life without pulling any punches; the working-class West Riding voice that had rarely been heard before in literature.
Barstow was part of a golden generation of working-class Yorkshire writers. Never a drinker, having been discouraged by his mother who frowned on strong drink and by his Methodist upbringing, Barstow was a late starter. Barstow says he often came home still smiling after a night at the Little Bull.
By now, Barstow was mixing more-and-more with the artistic community of fellow writers, actors, musicians, producers and television people at the BBC or ITV.
When he resigned, it was understood, naturally, that business must come first. Barstow settled into life as a full-time writer with a spell as a consultant to the production team of Coronation Street and this was one of many commissions he had with Granada TV in Manchester. It was his longest and most complex work to date, describing the lives of two couples who were having illicit love affairs.
The novel was once again set in the fictitious town of Cressley, which was based on Dewsbury. In , the novel was adapted as a seven-part TV series for Granada with Barstow writing the script for the first episode. Barstow wrote the script for the pilot episode and was heavily involved with creator John Finch in planning the plot for the series. But while down south, Vic meets Donna Pennyman, a young actress and they start an affair.
The property was owned by Leeds Polytechnic and Barstow, in return for the use of this new study, became their unofficial writer-in-residence. He was also very active as a tutor on a number of residential courses and workshops for creative writing, which were staged at various locations around the country for budding authors. A surge of creativity in the late s and early s led to a trilogy of new novels: Stan started a new life with his ex-pupil Diana Griffiths, now a writer in her own right, with eight original plays and nearly twenty dramatisations to her credit.
He was surprised and upset by some of the less than complimentary tabloid interest his separation from Connie received. They lived together first at Haworth, near Keighley and then moved to Pontardawe in South Wales, where Barstow was to spend the rest of his life.
Stan Barstow died on the 1st August , aged Connie Barstow stayed in Ossett, living at Millfields off Wesley Street, before spending her last years in nursing home in Wakefield.
She died on the 9th May aged A list of Stan Barstow's books and short stories in chronological order: Film and TV Credits: Stan Barstow's film and television credits in chronological order:. My thanks also to Neil and Gillian Barstow who contributed some of the pictures above and were kind enough to check this account of their father's life for accuracy.
When Douglas Brammer was born in , Flushdyke was a self contained, thriving community. With bustling businesses, shopkeepers who knew everyone by name, churches and chapels where neighbours would gather to worship and celebrate, pubs and clubs with regular family events and a school, which was to become the heart of the community. This was Flushdyke Council School. Douglas, and his younger sister, Margaret, first attended the school during the Second World War.
Their mother, Eleanor Brammer, a much loved and highly respected dinner lady, worked here, from the s until the s. Douglas left Flushdyke Council School and afterwards continued his education at Ossett Grammar School and it was here that he developed a talent for cricket and rugby.
Whilst speaking to Douglas about his rugby career, and as a newcomer to Ossett having lived here only 10 years , I was surprised and delighted, to hear of a connection between him and my dad, John Fawcett. It was almost 40 years before their paths were to cross again. Douglas has a phenomenal memory and what he doesn't know about Flushdyke, I suspect isn't worth knowing. He is also a gifted story teller, immediately transporting the listener to the place of which he speaks.
I visited him at the home he has shared, for 51 years, with his wife Sheila. I listened enthralled while Douglas explained to me about how a conversation with his friend, Don Boocock, over a pint at The Red Lion on Wakefield Road, had led to the beginning of his own journey back to the Flushdyke village of his youth. The two old friends recalled how, in the s and s, the village had been decimated. The close proximity of the M1 had made Flushdyke a prime location for development.
This village community was soon overwhelmed with factories and traffic. Homes were seized, demolished and replaced with huge steel buildings and warehouses. Its soul ripped out and abandoned. Douglas' own father, Sydney, had started life at Spring Mill and he too had subsequently lived at Workhouse Yard. Other friends in the pub became interested in their recollections and wanted to know where these places had been.
It was then Douglas realised how there was little photographic record of Flushdyke from before it was swept away by the industrialisation of the s.
Later that same week, Douglas drew his first sketch. It had to be Workhouse Yard. He returned to The Red Lion, for a pint with Don and took with him his sketch.
All agreed that his sketch had captured much more than the buildings which once stood there. It had portrayed the essence, the spirit, the community and the people who would tell you it was their home. After Workhouse Yard, all the other extinct buildings followed. All of Douglas' sketches are drawn from his amazing, photographic memory most often without reference to any photographs, were they to exist.
They show parts of Ossett, and particularly Flushdyke, which have long been forgotten. Places where he played and where he lived for most of his formative years. The places he loved. While there are many, these are just a few of those places which Douglas and his sketches have brought back to life: All sketched as they were in the s and s. This was his playground and his home. Douglas has long had a connection to Flushdyke School. First as a pupil where, he tells me, he was considered 'a waste of space' and was ' forever in trouble', and, as if to prove a point, as the Chairman of the Board of Governors at a time when the school needed help and guidance.
He was impressed to see how Douglas had matured and developed to become the chairman of his school's governors. It was during Douglas' time as a school governor that Wakefield MDC proposed the closure of the school. Douglas had begun his career in the engineering industry, he completed a Certificate of Industrial Relations at Leeds University and became involved with the Labour Trade Union Movement. Still having an excellent reputation and effective teaching staff, Douglas and others ardently believed that children from beyond Flushdyke, who perhaps were not thriving in school, may benefit from a smaller, quieter, more attentive environment.
Instead of closing an excellent school and transporting children from Flushdyke to other areas, should children from surrounding areas be accepted into the school? Douglas, his wife Sheila, and other school governors outlined their proposal to Wakefield Councillor Phil Dobson, who was then Chair of Education. This included evidence of the success of other projects which Douglas had witnessed whilst working in the Kirklees area with vulnerable children and their families.
Always modest, Douglas tells me he is pleased to have been a part of the team who helped to keep the school open. Douglas Brammer is a man of firm beliefs and an innate recognition of right and wrong.
His sketches, his place in the community and at Flushdyke School are evidence, were it needed, of his love for his home town.
His work and his art are remarkable contributions in the history of his town of Ossett. To view the entire Brammer collection visit Steve Wilson's brilliant www. Huge thanks to Alan Howe for his guidance. He owned farms in Ossett and at Halifax. North Shields Towards the end of his life, John Wheelwright was living at North Shields, close to the massive salt producing centre at South Shields, once the most important salt making town in Britain.
Wheelwright was wise enough to live on the north bank of the river Tyne since South Shields was a most unpleasant place and the salt making gave the town a horrible, dense, eye-watering environment. The fumes from the huge salt pans numbering or more could be seen clearly from Durham and according to Daniel Defoe, from the summit of Cheviot many miles to the north. Salt was used for cooking, tanning and curing meat as a means of preserving it. William III was short of funds for the French wars after his accession to the British throne in and he brought over to England a number of creative Dutch accountants to think of ways to raise money from British taxpayers.
As well as imposing heavy duties on alcohol and tobacco nothing changes , a new form of salt tax was introduced in This levied tax at the point of manufacture instead of the point of use, an important distinction. A bushel of salt was approximately a 7 inch or 17cms cube. Coming back to Wheelwright, it is clear that he had moved from Yorkshire, probably in the early s, to a fairly senior position at South Shields, which we know was the largest salt-making centre in Britain at that time.
These were huge amounts of money at the time and are testament to the efficiency of Wheelwright. Shortly before his death, he had drawn up a Will, in which he had made provision for the founding and ongoing maintenance of two Free Schools, one at Dewsbury and a larger one at Rishworth, Halifax, both specifically for the children of the poor. Free schools were basically a tax dodge and as charitable organisations, they paid no tax to the King and luckily, this loophole was rarely opposed.
In Dewsbury, Wheelwright only made provision in his Will for the education of two poor children and Richard Burnell was the first the master in-charge. Two children may seem like a small number, but in Dewsbury was a relatively small town and even by there were only 4, inhabitants. It is likely that several other pupils had attended the Dewsbury Free School previously, but their names were not recorded.
Trouble came to the Dewsbury school when suspicions were aroused about the administration of the trust fund. By contrast, the other Free School that Wheelwright established at Rishworth made provision for 20 boys and girls. The Dewsbury school was very much the poorer relation, but after the huge boom in railways in the 19th century, this was to change somewhat.
However, the Wheelwright school at Dewsbury would never achieve the prominence of Rishworth School at Halifax. In the early 19th century, much of the land that belonged to the Wheelwright Trust in Dewsbury was wanted by the railway companies who were prepared to pay high prices.
Dewsbury Central Station was built in and Dewsbury was rapidly expanding as a major textile centre, specialising in the manufacture of shoddy the recycling of old woollen items by mixing them with new wool and making them into heavy blankets or uniforms.
Wheelwright was a bachelor without issue and one of the stipulations in his Will was that one of the trustees must be called Wheelwright. The first one so named was another John Wheelwright, a miller, of Norland, Halifax who was in no way related to his namesake.
The other trustees were Ely Dawson, a merchant, who was living at Clay House, Greetland, which was a grand house owned by Wheelwright. The third trustee was Abraham Thomas, a clothier, of Dewsbury and who was responsible for the establishment of the Dewsbury Free School.
However, if there was no male heir, the other two remaining trustees had to appoint another man with the surname Wheelwright as the chief trustee. This was a considerable sum in If the either of the other two named trustees died, then the chief trustee Wheelwright was charged with finding a suitable replacement.
If twenty could not be found then the trustees could make up the number by choosing children out of the poor of the Parish where the school was located. The schoolmasters were charged with teaching the children to read and write, and to prepare as many boys for the Latin language as the trustees judged to have the necessary ability.
In , there was some controversy after all three trustees of the Wheelwright charity had died; the last one to die being Mr Wheelwright, the lead trustee, who had not appointed suitable successors as he was required to do. The legal proceedings dragged on for another two years until the 28th May , when William Courtney, one of the masters of the court, was charged with appointing three proper persons to be the new trustees.
However, William Courtney effectively appointed four people as trustees, which was a strange decision. The new trustees were the Rev. However, the lead trustee was named as Mr John Wheelwright, who was formerly called Hoyle and who had assumed the name of Wheelwright by Royal Licence. Courtney also authorised the trustees to employ a Mr. Courtney also made the significant decision to greatly expand the school at Rishworth with a preparatory school and a grammar school being founded.
As before, the Dewsbury Wheelwright School was to play a significant second fiddle to the facilities being authorised for Rishworth. Dewsbury Wheelwright School William Courtney did acknowledge in his court ruling that John Wheelwright had fully intended to maintain a school house and school master at Dewsbury. The boys concerned were to be taught reading, writing and arithmetic, according to the national plan of education. Later in the 19th century, it was clear that the people of Dewsbury needed a Grammar School for the rapidly expanding town.
The nearest Grammar Schools were then at Thornhill and at Batley. Whilst people waited for a Wheelwright Grammar School to materialise out of the Wheelwright Charity, other factions formed their own establishments; the Anglicans forming St. This began in and by there were almost 50 pupils. Support dwindled in the next few years and by , the school closed down. Another experiment at higher school education was the High School for Girls which was opened in in the schoolroom of St.
Each school was forced to close down eventually because of the competition later presented by the Wheelwright Grammar School or of the financial pressure forced on them by voluntary administrators. The temporary Wheelwright was formed in in a Bond Street warehouse formerly occupied by the Dewsbury Grammar School, and in moved to the present location as the Wheelwright Grammar School.
The girls occupied the upper floor of the building and the boys the ground floor. In "" , Eddie Dunford, the central character, is depicted as a young crime reporter working for the Yorkshire Evening Post in Leeds. His parents address is given in the book as 10 Wesley Street, Ossett and his father is depicted as a tailor with a shop in the town.
In fact, there used to be a B. Dunford - Tailor in Ossett. Also, in the book, Dunford is being interrogated by the police and hastily tries to make up the name of a solicitors' firm. Interviews with Leeds United players such as Peter Lorimer and Eddie Gray, members of the team, confirm that some of the quotes attributable to Clough and used by Peace in his book are accurate. In , Peace went to Batley Grammar School, but he wasn't the archetypal academic type and was easily distracted from his studies by a fondness for comic books and punk rock.
Influenced by the Leeds band Sisters of Mercy, by the age of 13, Peace had formed a band and was singing his own lyrics at pub gigs in support of the then striking miners. Coincidentally, Peace's father had been branded "Red Basil" in the local press for giving harvest festival donations to the families of striking miners rather than to needy pensioners. Peace bunked off school to watch the angry crowds outside the court and there is no doubt that the events around those thirteen horrific Ripper murders had a major influence on him.
He had lived most of his formative years in the period when thousands of men in Yorkshire were arrested and questioned by the police in their flawed search for Sutcliffe. It was a time when it was impossible to get away from news bulletins describing the murders or of pictures of the poor victims and the repeated recordings of John Humble, "Wearside Jack" , the hoaxer who taunted the police on cassette tape. Peace left Batley Grammar as soon as he could and by way of Wakefield District College, he eventually ended up at Manchester Polytechnic where he studied for a degree.
By , Peace was disillusioned with life in the UK and he found Manchester a very unpleasant place to live. He was lonely and unemployed and says he was "sick and tired not just of Manchester, but of sitting around on the dole, drinking and spending afternoons asleep in cinemas. He again found work as an English teacher in Tokyo, but by his own admission he was "quite a troubled and solitary man" , but discovered he could save a lot of money by restricting his expenditure to "lavatory paper, bananas and cigarettes".
Peace had always been influenced by the blunt Northern realism depicted by writers such as Alan Sillitoe and Stan Barstow, but a bigger influence was the American author James Ellroy and his L. Confidential and White Jazz. Peace wrote the first of his Red Riding quartet of novels in an old notebook after he had finished work each night. He spent long hours in the reference library at Nagatcho in central Tokyo pouring through the microfiches of British newspapers, which he used to painstakingly research the detail for his "Red Riding" novels.
However, when he was in Tokyo, Peace started writing again, mostly out of frustration and largely for himself. He wrote about the events that had happened back in West Yorkshire, portraying it as a bleak, cheerless place riddled with police corruption and horrific child murders.
The success of these books has allowed David Peace to write full-time. In , Peace published "Tokyo Year Zero" , the first of his planned trilogy of novels set in Japan, which is based on the true case of Yoshio Kodaira, an ex-Imperial soldier who raped and murdered 10 women during the postwar period immediately after WW2. The next book in the trilogy is "Tokyo Occupied City" , which Peace is currently working on and the last of the trilogy will be called "Tokyo: Peace lives in the eastern part of Tokyo with his Japanese wife and two children.
The area where he lives was destroyed by the earthquakes and then bombed into obliteration by the Americans at the end of WW2. Before the war, the area was criss-crossed with canals, which were filled with rubble after the bombing and with the bodies of the Japanese dead. Most of the people who were killed were heaped into piles and used as landfill. As a result of his awareness of this, Peace has become fascinated with Shinto ideas of life and the after-life with ghosts from the past.
After twenty years in Japan, Peace and his family are considering returning to live in the U. Peace is planning a book on Geoffrey Boycott, who he terms "the greatest living Yorkshireman" opinions vary on that particular view.
Peace says that he admires Boycott's sheer "bloody-mindedness and determination" and is intrigued by the friendship between Boycott and Brian Clough. Another four books are being researched by Peace, including a plot to overthrow Harold Wilson; the rise of Thatcherism and a reworking of the Ripper story, which Peace says is "less about the murderer and more about the harrowing of the north". They all sound like ideal subjects for David Peace's unique style of "faction". Miss Hannah Pickard was a member of a prominent Ossett textile family and lived her later life at "Green Mount", at the junction of Southdale Road and Ossett Green.
Ossett grocer and draper, George Pickard born 9th April , a Quaker birth married Hannah Mitchell born in and they had four children, two boys and two girls: Sarah, born in ; David born in , Andrew born in and Hannah born in The family lived in a cottage, said to be where "Green Mount" would later be built.
The Pickard family had existed in Ossett for generations. Hannah had inherited her fortune from her father, George Pickard, and her brothers David and Andrew. Having only one living heir, her nephew George who died the following year aged 21 , she set about making sure her wealth would be distributed near and far for the good of the poor and needy. Institutions from Leeds to London were named but her home town was certainly not forgotten.
Her legacy to Ossett included:. The Corporation chose a design by local architect Mr W. Kendall and a team of contractors including Messrs R.
The "Ossett Observer" dated Saturday 28th October described the fountain and the opening ceremony:. Standing on a circular base of Aberdeen granite, the fountain itself is mainly of Bolton Wood stone, enriched with figures and other carving; but the shaft and massive bowl are of polished Peterhead granite.
On the shaft is carved a lion which is the crest of the Pickard family , the borough arms, and the following inscription: W A Kendall, architect. The water flows into the bowl already mentioned, and from thence into four drinking troughs for cattle and as many smaller ones for dogs. The opening ceremony took place on Saturday, 21st October Fothergill was the guest of honour.
The "Ossett Observer" set the scene:. The first stated that the executors were unable to attend, and suggested that the Mayor should undertake the opening. He trusted that the fountain would be kept in order and long remain an ornament to the town and not be allowed to become a nuisance as some people rather feared might be the case.
The water was then turned on, and his worship filled one of the drinking cups and drank prosperity to the borough. His example was followed by several others.
Her kindness in this instance had been shown by providing one of the essentials of life for man and beast. He hoped that the fountain would stand as a memorial of her goodness and generosity for many generations to come, and that the inhabitants generally would endeavour to preserve it in all its beauty.
He trusted also that other ladies and gentlemen who had the means would endeavour to beautify their native town. Alderman Wilson moved a vote of thanks to the Mayor and also spoke in complimentary terms of the design and construction of the fountain. Alderman Mitchell seconded the motion and added that:. The late Mr Gunson, of Scarborough, an Ossett gentleman, had also made provision for the erection of some almshouses. He hoped that others would follow suit in leaving a portion of their wealth to the town in which it had been made.
The resolution was carried by acclamation. The Mayor replied that it had been a pleasure to him to perform the task and that he considered the fountain a credit to the architect and contractors, indeed everyone who had had a hand in its construction. Smith motioned and Mr W. Patterson, president of the Chamber of Commerce seconded a vote of thanks to the architect and contractors. Kendall briefly replied on behalf of the contractors and himself.
A nobler woman than Miss Pickard had never lived, and had she lived longer she would have been a yet greater blessing to the poor of the borough. He hoped that her example might do something to spur others who were quite as able but not so willing a laugh.
The band then played the National Anthem and the procession returned to the Temperance Hall, where nearly 30 gentlemen were entertained at tea by the Mayor. At the conclusion of the repast, several complimentary speeches were made, and thanks accorded to his worship. It must have been quite a spectacle to see. Unfortunately, the sentiments of the Mayor and Alderman Clay were to be fairly short lived as, by the early s, the fountain no longer had its ornate lamps and the water troughs had been converted into flower beds.
Sadly, in the late s the decision was made to remove the fountain from the town centre. It was eventually relocated to Green Park where it remained until After suffering vandalism and neglect, a decision was made by Wakefield District Council to scrap the fountain. Most of it was given to a landscape gardener, Adrian Richardson, who took it to his farm in Sharlston. In the cold winter months of , a baby son Eli was born to a hand-loom weaver, Mathew Henry Townend and his new wife Hannah who lived in a small cottage in old Church Street, near the centre of the town of Ossett.
Eli was to be the first of their family of seven children. The Townend family were desperately poor with many mouths to feed and young Eli never attended school. This was before the days of compulsory education and his parents couldn't afford the one penny a day to send him to one of the schools in the town.
Eli Townend later recalled his childhood days in one of his speeches: From this uncompromising start Eli Townend was destined to become one of Ossett's most notable and successful citizens. A noted philanthropist and people's champion, Townend became a wealthy factory owner who devoted over forty years of his life to serving the public of Ossett and was fondly remembered when he died in July It was here that young Eli developed his remarkable mental faculties by listening to the conversations of the patrons, analysing what was being discussed and eventually storing a huge fund of knowledge on many varied subjects in his receptive young mind.
Eli Townend would constantly add to this knowledge and use it to very good effect in later life. As a lad, Townend started work at an early age, doing any available job that was suitable for someone with very weak eyesight.
Beckett, it was 15 year-old Eli Townend who operated the handle on the primitive printing press. He continued this task for on a weekly basis for for some time afterwards. Coming back to Eli Townend's early work experience; he worked for a time at Healey Old Mill and then as a rag grinder for Mr. Henry Westwood, who had successfully contracted for the rag grinding at the Ellis Brothers' Victoria Mill.
However, always seeking to improve his lot, Townend started to supplement his earnings by establishing an early take-away food business by selling hot peas to hungry pub-goers who were wending their way home after an evening's drinking in the many hostelries around Ossett. In the s, wearing the cotton smock, which he only discarded as part of his normal daily wear when he retired from business forty years later, Eli Townend was a familiar figure to the residents of Ossett with his billy can of hot peas in the Market Place.
Townend was probably heavily influenced by his time at the Temperance Saloon because in his earlier days he was a teetotaller and non-smoker.
He saw and, importantly understood, how some enterprising Ossett men were doing well in the rag business, which was taking over from cloth production in the town as the main commercial activity. Townend speculated and spent all his savings on buying a bale of rags, which he then sold on at a good profit.
At first, Townend was in partnership with a friend and the business blossomed. Eventually, the partnership was dissolved and Eli continued in his own right for another 30 years or so as Messrs.
Eli Townend from at Healey Low Mills as a mungo and shoddy manufacturer. Townend was a tenant of Healey Low Mill, but didn't own the place outright. Although the business was established before the great rush of competition began and during a period of good profits, Townend was able to steer the company through some difficult periods in the intervening years with a mixture of shrewdness, sound judgement, hard work and careful business methodology.
As a businessman, Eli Townend had a reputation for straight dealing. With him, a personal undertaking was as good a security as a legal bond and he gained the complete confidence in those with whom he dealt. As an employer, he maintained excellent relations with his work people and whilst he required a fair day's work for a fair day's pay, he used to say that a request for an increase in wages was an offence to him, because when a man's work was worth more, he did not need asking.
In , Eli Townend retired from business, handing over control of the firm to his youngest brother George Townend. At the same time, in July , Messrs. They had at least four children: