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Census, it is the fastest growing area in the state. Business projects in Russia Election interference timeline Links of associates with Russian officials Steele dossier Trump Tower meeting Classified information disclosure Special Counsel investigation Affordable home ownership is the primary motivation behind the growth in these Inland Empire cities as homes in the region are generally less expensive than comparable homes in Los Angeles and Orange counties. Retrieved November 10, The unemployment rate in the Inland Empire has been consistently over the national average since This is also true in the Mojave Desert and Coachella Valley portions. Plaza and Taj Mahal too shabby to bear his name anymore".
A broader definition will include eastern Los Angeles County cities in the Pomona Valley , and sometimes the desert communities of Palm Springs and the rest of the Coachella Valley ; a much larger definition includes all of San Bernardino and Riverside counties.
At the end of the nineteenth century, the Inland Empire was a major center of agriculture, including citrus, dairy, and winemaking. However, agriculture declined through the twentieth century, and since the s a rapidly growing population, fed by families migrating in search of affordable housing, has led to more residential, industrial, and commercial development. Originally, this area was called the Orange Empire due to the acres of citrus groves that once extended from Pasadena to Redlands during the first half of the twentieth century.
A generally broader definition will include the desert community of Palm Springs and its surrounding area, and a much larger definition will include all of San Bernardino and Riverside counties. What is now known as the Inland Empire was inhabited for thousands of years, prior to the late eighteenth century, by the Tongva , Serrano , and Cahuilla Native Americans. With Spanish colonization and the subsequent Mexican era the area was sparsely populated at the land grant Ranchos , considering it unsuitable for missions.
Base Line road, a major thoroughfare, today runs from Highland to San Dimas , intermittently along the absolute baseline coordinates plotted by Col. While the partition once included what is today most of Riverside County , the region is not as monolithic as it may sound. Rivalries between Colton , Redlands , Riverside and San Bernardino over the location of the county seat in the s caused each of them to form their own civic communities , each with their own newspapers.
On August 14, , the state Senate allowed Riverside County to form out of land previously in San Bernardino and San Diego counties, after rejecting a bill for Pomona to split from L. County and become the seat of what would have been called San Antonio County. The arrival of rail and the importation of navel and Valencia orange trees in the s touched off explosive growth, with the area quickly becoming a major center for citrus production.
In , Route 66 now known as Foothill Boulevard and Interstate came through the northern parts of the area, bringing a stream of tourists and migrants to the region. Still, the region endured as the key part of the Southern California " citrus belt " until the end of World War II , when a new generation of real-estate developers bulldozed acres of agricultural land to build suburbs.
The region experienced significant economic and population growth through most of the latter half of the twentieth century. In the early s, the loss of the region's military bases and reduction of nearby defense industries due to the end of the Cold War led to a local economic downturn.
The Santa Ana River extends from Mt. While temperatures are generally cool to cold in the mountains, it can get hot in the valleys. Unlike most metropolitan areas that have grown up around a central city, the Inland Empire has no one main focus city.
Further development is steadily, if not heavily, encroaching past the mountains into the outlying desert areas. Freeways in Southern California are heavily used, but this comprehensive freeway system has made travel between the Inland Empire and these two counties generally easy; especially to and from Los Angeles County. The Inland Empire has also been referred to as the , after one of the region's most used area codes.
The Coachella Valley region of Palm Springs , Palm Desert , and Indio are located much further east in Riverside County the distance between the city of San Bernardino and Palm Springs is approximately 45 miles and holds its own area code, This area is sometimes considered a sub-region of the Inland Empire or its own separate region. This is to help differentiate them from the urbanized area of San Bernardino-Riverside.
There is no universally accepted definition for the boundaries of the Inland Empire region. Some residents of certain areas within the three counties, such as Twentynine Palms , the Coachella and Temecula valleys, consider themselves separate from the IE. Inexpensive land prices compared with Los Angeles and Orange Counties , a large supply of vacant land, and a transport network where many highways and railroads intersect have made the Inland Empire a major shipping hub.
In San Bernardino and Redlands, vacancies are as high as 22 percent. Although the region's large industries have been affected by the Great Recession , the Inland Empire is projected to remain California's fastest-growing region for some time to come. While urbanization continues to cut into agricultural lands, the Inland Empire still produces substantial crops. The unemployment rate in the Inland Empire has been consistently over the national average since Due to the high unemployment and housing foreclosure rates, a higher percentage of Inland residents rely on public assistance.
According to the Press-Enterprise, "twelve percent of Riverside County and 17 percent of San Bernardino County residents used food stamps in January ," as compared with "11 percent of those living in Los Angeles County, 8 percent of San Diego County residents and 7 percent of Orange County residents.
Since the s, the area has changed from a rural to a suburban environment. The region now comprises numerous cities known as bedroom communities that are suburban cities to Los Angeles. Affordable home ownership is the primary motivation behind the growth in these Inland Empire cities as homes in the region are generally less expensive than comparable homes in Los Angeles and Orange counties.
The steady rise in population and the demand for housing has led to a dramatic increase in the building of single-family homes on parcels of 0. This low-density development has caused sprawl in the Inland Empire; a commute between Beaumont and Ontario is approximately 43 miles. Much of the vacant land is being developed. Land that was used for agriculture is now being sold by owners for conversion to shopping centers, industrial warehouses , etc.
Due to the lack of the Inland Empire having just one central city, and the smaller geographical footprint that suburban cities tend to have, this continuous development has become seemingly unplanned suburban sprawl as local interest and zoning laws may quickly change from one city to the next city. During the housing bubble collapse of the late s, foreclosures rose by 3, percent.
Retailing in the area has increased to try to keep abreast with the growing suburban population. In fiscal year , retail sales in San Bernardino County grew by The result of this ongoing development has resulted in greater homeownership for the region. Although the region saw an uptick in jobs over the past decade, it is not a heavy employment center, and many residents commute to Los Angeles and Orange counties for their work. With a lack of substantial public transportation in the Greater Los Angeles Area, this has led to traffic congestion and degradation in air quality for the Inland Empire.
The presence of so many city governments within the Inland Empire, which often have different 'visions' for their own municipalities, means that two cities in the region rarely agree on a solution; just as common, they may have unequal means for implementing one even if they were to agree.
Having no regional-wide governmental planning organization may undermine any solution that could be proposed. Lastly, the pace at which development occurs fast versus the ability of government to respond to changes slow means that it could easily take years, if not decades, for a viable solution such as new roads, pollution controls, etc.
Air pollution, or suspended particulate matter locally generated from the increased number of automobiles in the area, from point sources such as factories, dust carried into the air by construction activity, and the contribution of similar pollutants from the Los Angeles area has regularly caused the Inland Empire to be at, or near, the bottom of many air quality ratings.
In , the EPA rated the San Bernardino - Riverside area as having the worst particulate air pollution in the United States  although the San Joaquin Valley in central California had the worst overall air pollution. But the problem is exacerbated in the Inland Empire, which is surrounded by mountains on the north and the east. Prevailing winds move bad air eastward from Los Angeles, but once the pollution reaches the Inland Empire it cannot be carried further east as it becomes trapped by the mountains surrounding the region [ citation needed ].
Traffic congestion problems on the roadways, as with elsewhere in Southern California , is the result of the demand for driving exceeding the available capacity, especially on area freeways. New freeways or highways "fix-ups" are being planned, such as the expansion of the length of the freeway around Inland Center Mall.
However, other problems exist, one being the jobs vs. The Inland Empire population grew as a result of affordable housing, at least relative to the rest of Southern California. Thus, many workers must drive daily from the Inland Empire to their jobs in these counties -sometimes up to two hours each direction, and even longer if by public transportation.
As the population increases, the problem is most certainly going to get worse. Forbes magazine recently ranked the area first in its list of most unhealthy commutes in the United States, beating out every other metropolitan area in the country, as Inland area drivers breathe the unhealthiest air and have the highest rate of fatal auto accidents per capita.
According to a report by the Surface Transportation Policy Project, the Inland Empire leads in fatal crashes caused by road rage. Unlike many major metropolitan areas, the Inland Empire has minimal public transportation. When combined with the large physical size of the region, more people use automobiles for convenient travel. Less than five percent of the IE's 1,, working-age residents use public transportation to get to work.
Currently, some of Omnitrans' bus routes run 1—2 hours apart, and some routes stop service in the early evening or may not run on weekends. The metropolitan area's first rapid transit line, a new bus rapid transit system, launched in April The new line, dubbed San Bernardino Express sbX , offers rapid transit service that functions just like light-rail with center running stations, designated sbX lanes and passengers purchasing tickets prior to boarding.
Stations are approximately one mile apart with its northern terminus in Verdemont and southern terminus in Loma Linda 's VA hospital, passing through downtown San Bernardino and the city's Hospitality Lane Business District.
Metrolink is a commuter rail system serving Southern California; it consists of seven lines and 55 stations operating on The Metrolink commuter rail system provides train daily service from San Bernardino to Downtown Los Angeles Busiest route of the system.
Several airports are located in the Inland Empire. Ontario International Airport and Palm Springs International Airport are commercial airports in their respective cities. The airport currently serves as a general aviation airport. Over 20 years after decommissioning, discount airline Volaris announced in April that it would begin commercial service at San Bernardino in June The region is making some progress in developing dedicated bicycle commuter and recreation trails.
The largest of these, the Santa Ana River bicycle path , currently connects Corona to Huntington Beach, and is eventually projected to stretch for 84 miles all the way to Redlands when completed in 20 years.
The population of the Greater Los Angeles area which includes the Inland Empire is about 18 million people according to the United States Census , and is the second largest metropolitan region in the country. According to the U. Census, it is the fastest growing area in the state. Between and , Riverside and San Bernardino counties added , to their population totals, an increase of 26 percent.
According to census bureau's — estimates The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that in , Forbes magazine ranks the area as the fourth fattest in the country. A substantial majority of residents Over 81 percent of Riverside County residents indicated that their county is a very good or fairly good place to live, while about 72 percent of residents in San Bernardino County felt the same way.
Survey respondents cited "nice living area," "good climate," and "affordable housing" as the top positive factors in assessing their respective communities. This is also true in the Mojave Desert and Coachella Valley portions. While the region as a whole had traditionally leaned more Republican than the rest of California, newer [ when?
Suburban communities outside Riverside and San Bernardino are more likely to be majority Republican, while the two mentioned cities are majority Democratic. In the presidential election , Democratic candidate Barack Obama carried both Riverside and San Bernardino counties, becoming only the second Democrat to carry both counties since Lyndon Johnson in In , Obama repeated this feat and again carried both counties, and in , Hillary Clinton did the same.
Non-Hispanic Whites and non-Hispanic Blacks have the highest participation rates for nearly every type of political activity, while Latinos and Asian Americans lag significantly behind those groups in terms of volunteerism and organizational membership.
However, the immigration protests have significantly boosted political participation among Latinos. Many faiths and denominations are found and represented in the area.
Mormons also have congregations in the High Desert region. According to the United Jewish Citizens of the Desert , the Coachella Valley has an estimated 20, American Jews, one of California's largest Jewish communities, as a result of being a major retirement destination. While the crime index in Riverside and Ontario trends slightly over the state average, San Bernardino has a crime index consistently near or over twice that of the national average.
In the city of Riverside, 10 homicides occurred in , down from 24 in , its highest total since All but three cases resulted in arrests. In San Bernardino, by contrast, 58 killings occurred in , but only a third of cases in San Bernardino led to arrests, due to a lack of witness cooperation in that city.
Latino gangs have been active in the region since the area's citrus days while a continual migration of numerous African American gangs from the inner city of South LA have flowed into the region since the Watts Riots and Los Angeles Riots. The region has also been noted as a center of methamphetamine drug production.
In federal crime statistics stated that San Bernardino was ranked the most dangerous city in California. There is a trend of lower educational attainment in the IE, which starts early. Only 37 percent of 3- and 4-year-olds in the region are enrolled in pre-school , with only one school in the region for every children, as compared with 48 percent enrollment in San Diego County. Thirty-five percent of the IE's ninth graders do not graduate from high school, and only 37 percent of its college age residents enroll in a post-secondary education program of some sort.
Only 24 percent of the IE's adult residents have attained a college degree or better. Twenty-five percent do not possess a high school diploma. We have only have about 20 percent college graduates in the Inland Empire while the average in other states is 38 percent.
Of Inland Empire residents 25 years and over in , Among students transferring from Inland community colleges to private schools in —05, the most frequent choice was the University of Phoenix. While the Inland Empire led the state in job-growth with , new jobs between and , most are in comparatively low-tech fields. San Bernardino and Riverside counties are primarily host to service and manufacturing - or warehousing -oriented industries. Food and administrative services employ the most people in the Inland Empire, while for the state of California, the top industries are in administrative services and professional, scientific and hi-tech -oriented fields.
In , the region had an unemployment rate of 6. Lake Arrowhead and Big Bear are just some of the lakes located in the mountains.
Lake Arrowhead becomes very popular in the summertime, while Big Bear becomes popular in the winter for skiing and snowboarding activities. Various locations in the Inland Empire provide venues for cultural performances and entertainment. A number of artists associated with the Palm Desert Scene forged the genre of desert rock as well as playing a large role in the genre of stoner rock. A Danish record label, Musikministeriet, recently opened up an office in Redlands in hopes of further cultivating the IE music scene.
Frank Zappa performed in Upland on Foothill Boulevard during the early s where he played shows on a makeshift stage for college crowds. Up until his death in December , singer Ray Collins of the Mothers of Invention lived in the area.
Zappa mentions the Inland Empire in the song "Billy the Mountain. From the late 80s until the late 90s, many up-and-coming musical acts, such as Rage Against the Machine , Blink and No Doubt cut their teeth playing venues in Riverside.
Theatrical Arts International is housed at the California Theatre as well. With the largest subscriber base in the Inland Empire, Theatrical Arts International presents the largest caliber tours available including such blockbusters as Cats , Hairspray , Mamma Mia , and Miss Saigon.
There are many other large theater programs in the community. Renovation was completed in the Fall , with a grand-reopening in January At Chaffey High School in Ontario, they have a very large theater program that puts on shows in the fall and in the spring on one of the largest High School stages in the Inland Empire.
The Inland Empire is home to numerous minor league baseball, basketball, and ice hockey teams. The Inland Empire team with the most championships is the Inland Empire 66ers of San Bernardino, who won their most recent championship in The Auto Club Speedway , located in Fontana , opened in Trump said the filing was "really just a technical thing" as the best way to implement the restructuring plan. In , the company attempted to negotiate a buyout with several public and private firms, but on July 2, it announced that it could not reach a deal, and would take itself off the market.
The company planned to lay off employees in order to cut costs. Two sets of debt holders eventually proposed reorganization plans for the group in U. However, citing concerns about the bank's lack of gaming experience, he dropped them in favor of hedge fund Avenue Capital Management , a plan favored by other bondholders. Beal then partnered with investor, Carl Icahn , who had worked on restructuring another Atlantic City casino, the Tropicana.
In early August , Donald Trump filed a lawsuit demanding removal of his name from the company's two casinos, because they had allegedly been allowed to fall into disrepair, in breach of the licensing agreement for Trump's name. This case was significant as it was a matter of First impression among the courts of appeal and could significantly alter the balance of power between debtor-employers and their unions.
The company exited bankruptcy in February and became a subsidiary of Icahn Enterprises. On October 10, the Trump Taj Mahal closed for the final time.
Trump Entertainment will remain operating to deal with the transfer of some points on the Trump One card account. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For hotels currently associated with the Trump family, see Trump Organization. President of the United States. Business projects in Russia Election interference timeline Links of associates with Russian officials Steele dossier Trump Tower meeting Classified information disclosure Special Counsel investigation Riva May 7, The New York Times.
New York Daily News. Rosenberg May 16, Retrieved September 30, Kansas City Star — via NewsBank. The Times of Northwest Indiana. Retrieved 31 May Goes Under , Law. Press of Atlantic City. Retrieved 10 April Plaza and Taj Mahal too shabby to bear his name anymore".