25 Things to Do in St. Louis
The weakened Steven falls back into the water, and Mike plunges in the water to rescue him. Make a day of it at the Delmar Loop. It attracts 12 million visitors a year with world-class attractions and scenic walking and biking trails. He tells a cab driver to drive past the house where all his friends are waiting, as he is embarrassed by the fuss Linda and the others have made. At the last moment, after Mike reminds Nick of their hunting trips together, Nick recognizes Mike and smiles. The enemy is still bestial and stupid, and no match for our purity and heroism; only we no longer wipe up the floor with him—rather, we litter it with his guts.
The Deer Hunter began principal photography on June 20, All scenes were shot on location no sound stages. The film was shot over a period of six months. The Clairton scenes comprise footage shot in eight different towns in four states: West Virginia, Pennsylvania, Washington, and Ohio. Meryl Streep accepted the role of the "vague, stock girlfriend", in order to remain for the duration of filming with John Cazale , who had been diagnosed with lung cancer.
Deeley hired Relyea after meeting him on the set of Bullitt and was impressed with his experience. However, Relyea declined the job, refusing to disclose his reason why. As a result, Cimino was acting without the day-to-day supervision of a producer. Because Deeley was busy overseeing in the production of Sam Peckinpah 's Convoy , he hired John Peverall to oversee Cimino's shoot. Peverall's expertise with budgeting and scheduling made him a natural successor to Relyea, and Peverall knew enough about the picture to be elevated to producer status.
The wedding scenes were filmed at the historic St. Theodosius' Father Stephen Kopestonsky was cast as the priest at the wedding. The amateur extras lined up for the crowded wedding-dance sequences drank real liquor and beer.
The production manager asked each of the Russian immigrant extras to bring to the location a gift-wrapped box to double for wedding presents. The manager figured if the extras did this, not only would the production save time and money, but the gifts would also look more authentic.
Once the unit wrapped and the extras disappeared, the crew discovered to their amusement that the boxes weren't empty but filled with real presents, from china to silverware. Cimino originally claimed that the wedding scene would take up 21 minutes of screen time.
In the end, it took 51 minutes. Deeley believes that Cimino always planned to make this prologue last for an hour, and "the plan was to be advanced by stealth rather than straight dealing. At this point in the production, nearly halfway through principal photography, Cimino was already over budget, and producer Spikings could tell from the script that shooting the extended scene could sink the project.
The first deer to be shot was depicted in a "gruesome close-up", although he was hit with a tranquilizer dart. The Viet Cong Russian roulette scenes were shot in real circumstances, with real rats and mosquitoes, as the three principals De Niro, Walken, and Savage were tied up in bamboo cages erected along the River Kwai. The woman who was given the task of casting the extras in Thailand had much difficulty finding a local to play the vicious-looking individual who runs the game.
The first actor hired turned out to be incapable of slapping De Niro in the face. The caster then found a local Thai man with a particular dislike of Americans, and cast him accordingly. De Niro suggested that Walken be slapped for real by one of the guards without any warning. The reaction on Walken's face was genuine. Producer Deeley has said that Cimino shot the brutal Vietcong Russian roulette scenes brilliantly and more efficiently than any other part of the film.
During the helicopter stunt, the runners caught on the rope bridge as the helicopter rose, which threatened to seriously injure De Niro and Savage. The actors gestured and yelled furiously to the crew in the helicopter to warn them. Footage of this is included in the film. According to Cimino, De Niro requested a live cartridge in the revolver for the scene in which he subjects John Cazale's character to an impromptu game of Russian roulette, to heighten the intensity of the situation.
Cazale agreed without protest,  but obsessively rechecked the gun before each take to make sure that the live round wasn't next in the chamber. While appearing later in the film, the first scenes shot upon arrival in Thailand were the hospital sequences between Walken and the military doctor. Deeley believed that this scene was "the spur that would earn him an Academy Award.
His direction to his actors: Sheinberg thought it was anti-American. He said something like 'You're poking a stick in the eye of America. And they certainly didn't like it at three hours and two minutes. I'd muddled and sold the wrong picture to each studio. Thom Mount , president of Universal at the time, said, "This was just a That was simply because he was wedded to everything he shot.
The movie was endless. The wedding sequence was a cinematic event all unto its own. She started to turn the heat up on Michael, and he started screeching and yelling. Regarding the clashes between him and Cimino, Zinner stated: I cut Deer Hunter myself. The Deer Hunter was Cimino's first film to use Dolby noise-reduction system. You can come close to demolishing the screen.
One short battle sequence— feet of film in the final cut—took five days to dub. Another sequence recreated the American evacuation of Saigon; Cimino brought the film's composer, Stanley Myers, out to the location to listen to the auto, tank, and jeep horns as the sequence was being photographed.
The result, according to Cimino: Myers composed the music for that scene in the same key as the horn sounds, so the music and the sound effects would blend with the images to create one jarring, desolate experience. Both the long and short versions were previewed to Midwestern audiences, although there are different accounts among Cimino, Deeley, and Spikings as to how the previews panned out.
The network later cancelled the acquisition on the contractually permitted grounds of the film containing too much violence for US network transmission.
One of the most talked-about sequences in the film, the Vietcong 's use of Russian roulette with POWs , was criticized as being contrived and unrealistic since there were no documented cases of Russian roulette in the Vietnam War. The central metaphor of the movie is simply a bloody lie. Cimino countered that his film was not political, polemical, literally accurate, or posturing for any particular point of view. During the 29th Berlin International Film Festival in , the Soviet delegation expressed its indignation with the film which, in their opinion, insulted the Vietnamese people in numerous scenes.
Other socialist states also voiced their solidarity with the "heroic people of Vietnam ". They protested against the screening of the film and insisted that it violated the statutes of the festival, since it in no way contributed to the "improvement of mutual understanding between the peoples of the world".
The ensuing domino effect led to the walk-outs of the Cubans, East Germans, Bulgarians, Poles and Czechoslovakians, and two members of the jury resigned in sympathy. In his review, Roger Ebert defended the artistic license of Russian roulette, arguing "it is the organizing symbol of the film: Anything you can believe about the game, about its deliberately random violence, about how it touches the sanity of men forced to play it, will apply to the war as a whole.
It is a brilliant symbol because, in the context of this story, it makes any ideological statement about the war superfluous. Film critic and biographer David Thomson also agrees that the film works despite the controversy: It was said that the scenes in Saigon were fanciful or imagined. It was also suggested that De Niro, Christopher Walken, and John Savage were too old to have enlisted for Vietnam Savage, the youngest of the three, was Three decades later [written in ], 'imagination' seems to have stilled those worries The impression a viewer gets is that if we did some bad things there we did them ruthlessly but impersonally; the Vietcong were cruel and sadistic.
According to Christopher Walken, the historical context was not paramount: All's fair in love and war. I can't think of a better word for it. I didn't realize how badly we'd behaved to the Vietnamese people Producer Deeley, on the other hand, was quick to defend Cimino's comments on the nature and motives of the film: It was something very different.
It wasn't about drugs or the collapse of the morale of the soldiers. It was about how individuals respond to pressure: The film was about three steel workers in extraordinary circumstances.
Apocalypse Now is surreal. The Deer Hunter is a parable Men who fight and lose an unworthy war face some obvious and unpalatable choices. They can blame their leaders.. Self-blame has been a great burden for many war veterans.
So how does a soldier come to terms with his defeat and yet still retain his self-respect? One way is to present the conquering enemy as so inhuman, and the battle between the good guys us and the bad guys them so uneven, as to render defeat irrelevant.
The audience's sympathy with prisoners who quite understandably cracked thus completes the chain. Accordingly, some veterans who suffered in that war found the Russian roulette a valid allegory. Cimino frequently referred to The Deer Hunter as a "personal" and "autobiographical" film, although later investigation by journalists like Tom Buckley of Harper's revealed inaccuracies in Cimino's accounts and reported background.
In , critic Robin Wood examined what he viewed as the film's homosexual subtext. In the film's central "male love affair" Mike supposedly represents the powers of control and repression, whereas Nick stands for release and liberation. According to Wood, "Nick both is and knows himself to be in love with Mike and Mike reciprocates that love but can't admit it, even to himself".
In the end, Wood argues that Nick shoots himself because "he has recognized that Mike offers nothing but a return to repression". The final scene in which all the main characters gather and sing "God Bless America" became a subject of heated debate among critics when the film was released. It raised the question of whether this conclusion was meant ironically or not — "as a critique of patriotism or a paean to it". The film's initial reviews were largely positive.
Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film four stars and called it "one of the most emotionally shattering films ever made. Much of it, including some casting decisions, suggest inspiration by The Godfather. Its vision is that of an original, major new filmmaker. However, The Deer Hunter was not without critical backlash.
Pauline Kael of The New Yorker wrote a positive review with some reservations: It is perhaps significant that the actors remain more interesting than the characters they play. The enemy is still bestial and stupid, and no match for our purity and heroism; only we no longer wipe up the floor with him—rather, we litter it with his guts. Author Karina Longworth notes that Streep "made a case for female empowerment by playing a woman to whom empowerment was a foreign concept—a normal lady from an average American small town, for whom subservience was the only thing she knew".
It has a "credibly humanist message", and that the "slow study of the men in blissfully ignorant homeland machismo is crucial to it". The RT summary reads:. Its greatness is blunted by its length and one-sided point of view, but the film's weaknesses are overpowered by Michael Cimino 's sympathetic direction and a series of heartbreaking performances from Robert De Niro, Meryl Streep, and Christopher Walken.
Canby said in his famous review of Heaven's Gate , "[The film] fails so completely that you might suspect Mr. Cimino sold his soul to the Devil to obtain the success of The Deer Hunter , and the Devil has just come around to collect. Hence, the stupidity and incoherence in Heaven's Gate came as no surprise since very much the same stupidity and incoherence had been amply evident in The Deer Hunter.
Dreams and Disaster in the Making of Heaven's Gate , Steven Bach wrote, "critics seemed to feel obliged to go on the record about The Deer Hunter , to demonstrate that their critical credentials were un-besmirched by having been, as Sarris put it, 'taken in. More recently, British film critic Mark Kermode challenged the film's status: However, many critics, including David Thomson  and A.
Film producer and "old-fashioned mogul" Allan Carr used his networking abilities to promote The Deer Hunter. Because he had no apparent motive for this promotion, it had an added power and legitimacy and it finally did start to penetrate the minds of the Universal's sales people that they actually had in their hands something a bit more significant than the usual. Julie Christie , serving on the jury at the Berlin Film Festival where Deer Hunter was screened, joined the walkout of the film by the Russian jury members.
Jane Fonda also criticized The Deer Hunter in public. Deeley suggested that her criticisms partly stemmed from the competition between her film Coming Home vying with The Deer Hunter for Best Picture. According to Deeley, he planted a friend of his in the Oscar press area behind the stage to ask Fonda if she had seen The Deer Hunter. As the Oscars drew near, the backlash against The Deer Hunter gathered strength. The demonstrators waved placards covered with slogans that read "No Oscars for racism" and " The Deer Hunter a bloody lie" and thrust pamphlets berating Deer Hunter into long lines of limousine windows.
According to Variety , "Police and The Deer Hunter protesters clashed in a brief but bloody battle that resulted in 13 arrests. De Niro was so anxious that he did not attend the Oscars ceremony. The Deer Hunter was one of the first, and most controversial, major theatrical films to be critical of the American involvement in Vietnam following when the war officially ended.
Other films released in later decades that illustrated the 'hellish', futile conditions of bloody Vietnam War combat included: David Thomson wrote in an article titled " The Deer Hunter: Story of a scene" that the film changed the way war-time battles were portrayed on film: More or less before the late s, the movies had lived by a Second World War code in which battle scenes might be fierce but always rigorously controlled.
In a interview with Rotten Tomatoes , actor William Fichtner retrospectively stated that he and his partner were silenced after seeing the film, stating that "the human experience was just so pointed; their journeys were so difficult, as life is sometimes. I remember after seeing it, walking down the street — I actually went with a girl on a date and saw The Deer Hunter, and we left the theater and walked for like an hour and nobody said anything; we were just kind of stunned about that.
The deaths of approximately twenty-five people who died playing Russian roulette were reported as having been influenced by scenes in the movie. In , The Deer Hunter was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".
The film ranks th in the Empire magazine's list of the greatest movies of all time,  noting:. Cimino's bold, powerful 'Nam epic goes from blue-collar macho rituals to a fiery, South East Asian hell and back to a ragged singalong of America the Beautiful [sic]. Jan Scruggs , a Vietnam veteran who became a counselor with the U. Department of Labor , thought of the idea of building a National Memorial for Vietnam Veterans after seeing a screening of the film in March , and he established and operated the memorial fund which paid for it.
The first issue was by Universal, with no extra features and a non- anamorphic transfer, and has since been discontinued. The set features a cinematographer's commentary by Vilmos Zsigmond, deleted and extended scenes, and production notes.
StudioCanal released the film on the Blu-ray format in countries other than the United States on March 11, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Deer Hunter disambiguation. UK theatrical release poster. Robert De Niro pulls the trigger in the game of Russian roulette that takes place in the Viet Cong prison scene.
British Board of Film Classification. Retrieved May 26, An Interview with Michael Cimino. A Tribute to Robert De Niro. The New York Observer 16 6: An interview with Vilmos Zsigmond. First half of video on YouTube. An interview with John Savage. Visitors can interact with over 10, sea creatures in the World Aquarium, venture through the Museum of Mirth, Mystery and Mayhem and wander through the Elmslie and Sullivan architectural exhibit.
Stop in for circus-themed food, parties and educational circus classes and workshops held daily. Munch on a slice of delectable St. Louis-style thin crust pizza smothered in Provel cheese and then pick up a mouth-watering gooey butter cake the most delicious accident ever created.
Snack on scrumptious deep-fried toasted ravioli at one of the many dining establishments on The Hill, a quaint St. Louis neighborhood famous for Italian cuisine. And to top it all off, satisfy your sweet tooth at Ted Drewes with some signature frozen custard.
Take in the beauty of one of the largest mosaic collections in the western hemisphere inside the spectacular Cathedral Basilica of St. Louis or see the historic Old Cathedral and St. Ferdinand Shrine, both constructed in the early 19th century with ties to the oldest Catholic congregation in St. Across the river, attend mass, walk the grounds and have a delicious meal at the National Shrine of Our Lady of the Snows.
At Myseum , kids learn science through fun and unique exhibits like a dino-dig, vet clinic, video wall, radar slide, magnetic ball wall, giant UFO maze, plus a whole lot more.
Louis Museum of Transportation. View a collection of art ranging across centuries and cultures from sculpture and oil paintings to charcoal drawings and photography at the St. Enjoy the works of newly established artists both locally and internationally at the Contemporary Art Museum of St. In addition to innovative exhibitions, the Pulitzer Foundation for the Arts features concerts by the Saint Louis Symphony , panel discussions and educational programs.
Soar through the treetops at Go Ape! Zipline and Adventure Valley Zipline. Take a two-wheel excursion through the Gateway City on one of our many biking trails contact TrailNet for maps.
Update your style with a fabulous shopping spree. Couture and designer brand name fashions are available at dozens of high-end shops throughout the city.
Hunt for one-of-a-kind treasures at many area antique shops and independent bookstores, or get it all under one roof at one of the many area malls and shopping centers. Walk the halls of the Old Courthouse featuring restored courtrooms and galleries that depict significant moments in St. Take an exciting and educational trip through the past at the Missouri History Museum where guests can also join a local excursion to various historical points of interest in the city.
Visitors can see the home of Ragtime legend Scott Joplin , walk through a world heritage site and ancient civilization at Cahokia Mounds and pay their respects at the resting place for many St. Louisians at Bellefontaine Cemetery. Visit the century-old Central Library — St. Louis Public Library , a magnificent building designed by world-famous architect Cass Gilbert in and restored for its th anniversary. Get your live music fix at The Pageant , ranked one of the top five concert venues in the world by Pollstar.
Visit Blueberry Hill , the landmark restaurant and music club for touring acts as well as St. For a more intimate venue, check out the award-winning Jazz at the Bistro or one of St.