Gambling Law in France
Various forms of gambling are legal throughout Africa. In addition to the "main" licence for the casino operator, the casino's employees and suppliers must also be licensed. Lotteries organised as promotional campaigns Articles L. There are now only two gaming clubs in France, both of which are located in Paris. Many sites provided their services to US residents for years, seemingly without any issues. The legal criterion that distinguishes gambling from other random contracts is the existence of a wager on chance the fact that a party bets money on the chance of the other party. It explains the role of licensing authorities, along with the criteria that typically has to be met by individuals or companies wishing to obtain a license for operating a gambling site.
The Big Picture
There are many countries that have legalized gambling and earn healthy revenue from it in the form of taxes. A study by PwC recently showed the trend in terms of revenue generation for governments from casino gambling in 12 countries worldwide; we provide information based on this study for 9 countries with significant gambling operations below. From the above table it is apparent that gambling has been very popular, especially online gambling , in many countries across the world.
But then there has always been a problem with online gambling — the lack of clarity in terms of the laws governing its legality. Next we will discuss the legality of online gambling in various countries across the world. The trend in international gambling has been one of steady growth in recent times. This has been in spite of the adverse market conditions in some parts of the world in the past few years; at such times the global nature of the gambling industry has ensured that some other part of the world has stepped in to fill the void.
As a result, Asia has been steadily emerging as one of the hotspots for online gambling. The numbers from a survey conducted by PwC for the years tell the tale:. The surge towards the top for the Asia Pacific region has been on the back of a strong showing by Macau and Singapore, rapidly emerging as the two gambling hotspots of the Asian continent. Between and , this region saw a staggering When it comes to gambling laws, there have been gradual shifts at the international level.
Take for instance the case of licensing jurisdictions. In the earlier days, and actually till a few years back, there were just a few authentic licensing jurisdictions. Over the years, new jurisdictions have been added to give operators a wider range of options.
Gambling legislations have also changed over time. This has been true in different parts of the world. Earlier, this was not the case; an operator could provide online casino services to UK residents as long as they had a license from one of the recognized gambling jurisdictions. The African market has also opened up with the passing of legislation in South Africa; now online casino gambling is legal there.
These are just two instances of the different trends in online gambling worldwide. It is very clear at some of the online casinos whether you are allowed to play the games they offer or not. Certain casinos do not accept players from specific countries — the software provider is the one who usually has these terms in place; this is clearly outlined in the terms and conditions section of these casinos.
Certain other casinos do not have clear guidelines from their side in this regard; the onus is on the player to figure out the legality aspect. However, there is still no universal framework regarding the legality of land-based or online gambling.
Land-based gambling is legal in the USA; in fact Las Vegas is considered by many to be the gambling capital of the world. However, things are very different when it comes to online gambling.
Online gambling has always been a grey area here. While this act did not make online gambling itself illegal, it barred financial institutions here from processing transactions for US residents at online gambling sites. This caused a number of software providers and casinos to back out of the US market; providers like Microgaming , Playtech, and NetEnt do not accept players from the USA.
Here are a few basics about the laws pertaining to gambling in the USA. These laws are not designed to handle the scenario in the gambling industry today; newer laws have been incorporated, like the UIGEA. The situation in the UK is very different from that in the USA when it comes to gambling — land-based and online. Online gambling is completely legal in the UK.
Of course it is allowed in a completely regulated environment. Casinos from within and outside the UK are allowed to cater to UK residents as long as they have a license from the UK Gambling Commission as per a ruling in This latest ruling has tightened things a bit, requiring even overseas operators to obtain a UKGC license; earlier it was enough if they had a license from any one of the recognized licensing jurisdictions across the world.
Every country in Europe has its own individual legislation for gambling. Countries like Russia, for instance, have clear laws on gambling. While land-based gambling is still permitted, there is a strict ban on online gambling. A year later, France legalized slot machines and became one of the most gaming-friendly countries in Europe as a whole.
Gambling legalization in the country basically means that brick-and-mortar operators are allowed to offer casino and card games, as well as racing and sportsbooks betting. Web-based operators, on the other hand, are permitted to provide the same offerings as the land-based ones except for casino games. No matter of the excessive regulation on the matter, the contemporary gaming legislation in France features high taxes , which are considered as one of the setbacks before licensed gaming websites to survive in this market.
Players are also considered to be affected by the high poker pots and sports bets taxes. This, on the other hand, resulted in a great number of players preferring to stick to unlicensed foreign operators. Still, the French Government has not yet cut the options for local players. Currently, there are no laws that proclaim playing at an unlicensed websites as a crime. This basically means that French players can choose from a great variety of both licensed and unlicensed websites.
Many forms of gambling are permitted in France, which makes the country a gambling-friendly one. The Francaise des Jeux is responsible for regulating lotteries and betting games. Up to date, ARJEL issues licenses to operators that are willing to provide online casino and gambling services to local citizens.
There are no licenses granted for casino games, exchange betting or spread betting. Currently, licenses are required from gaming and gambling operators that are willing to run their activities on the territory of the country. That is the reason why licenses can be granted for online gambling offering, sports betting and horse racing activities.
The licenses are granted by the relevant and competent regulatory authorities for a period of five years. There is also an option for extending the licenses for the same period of half a decade after their expiration. A new legislative bill related to online gambling operations was introduced by the French Government in Then, a year later, it officially legalized a total of three forms of online gambling activities — poker, sports betting, including fixed odds betting, pool betting and live betting, and horse races betting.
When it comes to online gambling, this segment of the market is also legal on the territory of France. The country started embracing online gaming operations back in Since then great alterations of national laws concerning the regulation and taxation of outlandish web-based casinos, Internet poker and sportsbook websites have happened in France.